Ming the Mechanic:
Psychogeography and the Dérive

The NewsLog of Flemming Funch
 Psychogeography and the Dérive2004-07-23 15:35
11 comments
picture by Flemming Funch

What is Psychogeography:
Psychogegraphy is the study of the effects of geographical settings, consciously managed or not, acting directly on the mood and behaviour of the individual".

Psychogeography research is carried through non-scientific methods such as the derive, aimless drifting through the city, trying to record the emotions given by a particular place; and mental mapping, the production of mood-based maps.

Psychogeography was developed as a critique of urbanism by the Lettrist International and then by Situationist International in the late fifties. Today, it is pursued by artists, radical thinkers and, on an academic level, geography researchers.
Hm, sounds intriguing. But I'm not sure I get it. What exactly do you do? Wikipedia has some more details and types of psychogeography:
Disagreements have led to many variations in the practice which have included the following forms: Debordian; Literary; Generative or Algorithmic; and Quantum. Various factions claim to be or accuse each other of being: academic; occultist; avant-garde; proletarian; or revolutionary.
Just makes me more confused. I seem to get a better idea from this text: Psychogeography and the dérive.
...The situationists' desire to become psychogeographers, with an understanding of the 'precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organized or not, on the emotions and behaviour of individuals', was intended to cultivate an awareness of the ways in which everyday life is presently conditioned and controlled, the ways in which this manipulation can be exposed and subverted, and the possibilities for chosen forms of constructed situations in the post-spectacular world. Only an awareness of the influences of the existing environment can encourage the critique of the present conditions of daily life, and yet it is precisely this concern with the environment which we live which is ignored.

"The sudden change of ambiance in a street within the space of a few meters; the evident division of a city into zones of distinct psychic atmospheres; the path of least resistance which is automatically followed in aimless strolls (and which has no relation to the physical contour of the ground); the appealing or repelling character of certain places - all this seems to be neglected."
So, like an awareness of the stuff of pattern languages in the environment. Charting how environments influence us, based on some kind of non-linear exploration. Mapping outer invironments based on inner states. And changing the rules about how we relate to the environment. An infinite game. What is a dérive?
Concealed by the functional drudgery of city life, such areas of psychogeographical research were seen as the ground of a new realm of experiment with the possibilities of everyday experience.

One of psychogeography's principle means was the dérive. Long a favorite practice of the dadaists, who organized a variety of expeditions, and the surrealists, for whom the geographical form of automatism was an instructive pleasure, the dérive, or drift, was defined by the situationists as the 'technique of locomotion without a goal', in which 'one or more persons during a certain period drop their usual motives for movement and action, their relations, their work and leisure activities, and let themselves be drawn by the attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find there'. The dérive acted as something of a model for the 'playful creation' of all human relationships. [...]

To dérive was to notice the way in which certain areas, streets, or buildings resonate with states of mind, inclinations, and desires, and to seek out reasons for movement other than those for which an environment was designed. [...]

...the situationists developed an armoury of confusing weapons intended constantly to provoke critical notice of the totality of lived experience and reverse the stultifying passivity of the spectacle. 'Life can never be too disorientating,' wrote Debord and Wolman, in support of which they described a friend's experience wandering 'through the Harz region of Germany while blindly following the directions of a map of London.'
Hm, what a weird and splendid idea. Anyway, this all seems to fit into my ongoing quest for the deeper patterns of life, beyond the superficial and confusing details that are swirling around us.
An example of a situation-creating technique is the dérive. The dérive is the first step toward an urban praxis. It is a stroll through the city by several people who are out to understand the "psychogeographical articulation of the modern city". The strollers attempt an interpretive reading of the city, an architectural understanding. They look at the city as a special instance of repressed desires. At the same time, they engage in "playful reconstructive behavior". Together they turn the city around. They see in the city unifying and empowering possibilities in place of the present fragmentation and pacification. This "turning around" or détournment is a key strategic concept of the Situationists. Détournment is a dialectical tool. It is an "insurrectional style" by which a past form is used to show its own inherent untruth-- an untruth masked by ideology. It can be applied to billboards, to written texts, to films, to cartoons, etc., as well as to city spaces. Marx used it when he "turned Hegel on his head." He used the dialectic in the study of history to expose the ideological nature of Hegel's idealism. The Situationists use détoumement to demonstrate the scandalous poverty of everyday life despite the plenty of commodities. They attempted to demonstrate the contrast between what life presently is and what it could be. They wanted to rupture the spell of the ideology of our commodified consumer society so that our repressed desires of a more authentic nature could come forward. The situation is based on liberated desires rather than alienated ones. What these desires are cannot be stated a priori. They will emerge in the revolutionary process of situation-creation, of détournment. Presumably, communality, unification, and public urban space will emerge as more desirable than commodification, fragmentation, and privatization.
OK, not the easiest stuff to read, but I like it. Wonder who's doing things like that around here. Sounds like something French avantgarde art and philosophy types would easily get into.


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11 comments

25 Jul 2004 @ 10:30 by george dafermos @195.97.43.103 : how about virtual phychogeography?
very interesting indeed; especially in connection with IS's core belief that there's no science beyond architecture. curious to see how or when such a type of critical thinking will be applied to cyberspace's transarchitectural topologies. I mean it's obvious that online littering impacts upon a virtual nomad's behaviour and mood, so why not focus on creating spaces that seek to recreate pleasant feelings and experiences? that'd be a useful thing to contemplate:-)  


25 Jul 2004 @ 18:09 by ming : Virtual Psychogeography
Seems to be a basis for mapping out some of cyberspace in that manner. For that matter, it might be how many people surf the net. But to record the subjective states of people, while they're exposed to different kinds of environments. Might help to discover better pattern languages for how to create useful, generative spaces online.  


30 Jul 2004 @ 08:57 by niko angelis @207.54.190.48 : dis-course: theory and practice
In the end all these _isms _asms _spasms achieve, is creative chasms. If there is any shred of legitimacy in such intellectual endeavors it will be that applied and harvested by those creative entrepreneurs that will turn all this discourse into some style and sell it. The last serious attempts for such universal/ utopian approach to physical space died with the last original modernists - and indeed it was no accident. Recurrent resurrections were indeed false alarms. Many fascinating books, theories and buildings sprang indirectly from such discourse and the truth of the matter is that that today all this is appreciated and even experienced for all those qualities that their creators never had assumed. If there's is any hope to learn something from our physical and virtual space it is if we focus on specific precedents and examine them in depth. Study for example the precisely choreographed architecture of La Turette by Le Corbusier. A serene yet unconventional concrete structure, a fusion of ancient mysticism and modern idealism, a search for God and man, a monastery in the past, a hostel in the present.  


21 Sep 2004 @ 23:24 by dunk @213.202.151.248 : wandering
hi ming and co
nice to stumble onto this thread
im irish working in art, ark, indymedia, social forum, grassroots network

anyway
just saying hello
link is to europes student architecture commmunication space, youd think it would be a truly exciting place for radical and critical discussion and from that action, its not though

so car free day tmrw, criticall mass in dublin, followed by live webacast of the simplicity of the universe

ill be back here for a little more chat later
heres webstream link
http://www.indymedia.ie/newswire.php?story_id=66664


my mates are the irish ::paddy mirage:: burning man crew
ill be doing audio recording with them soon, ill link it and inform them of here
it was the urban explorers who lead me to you
remins me of foucoults pendulum by eco, all this


slán
dunk  



22 Dec 2008 @ 16:35 by Nikos @89.210.71.8 : Dissertation
To be honest the brief analysis concerning the basics of psychogeography was really interesting and well developed. At the moment I am on the process of making a study which is quite similar to what is mentioned on the article. The topic of the dissertation: 'How can the city’s environment be enriched via turning public spaces into places of urban realm?' I will try to creat some mental maps focusing on particular urban places in London, Barcelona and Copenhagen. Aim of this study is to get to know any city's everyday 'flux', in order to re-interpret the polis environment.  


22 Apr 2016 @ 08:49 by http://astuce-clashroyale.com/ @139.228.33.159 : great
That's really cool. I would be interested in seeing more graphs of different information you pull from these logs.  


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