Ming the Mechanic:
A Communication Model

The NewsLog of Flemming Funch
 A Communication Model2008-01-09 22:45
by Flemming Funch

Somebody asked for permission to use my old graphic here in a training course for field epidemiologists in Kazakhstan. Which is kind of funny. And I don't remember if I ever posted it here, so why not. Below is the article that goes with it. Although I thought it was kind of well hidden on the net, I do get these kinds of requests from time to time. ... And now that I notice it, this is actually the #1 "I feel lucky" entry for "Communication Model" in Google, which I can't complain about.

There is always a sender and a receiver in communication. At least there is an intended receiver. In the diagram above A is the sender, B is the receiver.

A and B have different personal realities. They each have their own world formed by their experiences, their perceptions, their ideas, etc. They will perceive, experience, and interpret things differently. The same event will always be perceived a little different by each of two people.

For the consideration to communicate to appear at all there must be some kind of shared space. The participants must have some kind of concept of each other's location and of a possible channel of communication existing between them. They must agree sufficiently on these to agree that communication is taking place.

The sender will have some kind of meaning she wishes to convey to the receiver. It might not be conscious knowledge, it might be a sub-conscious wish for communication. What is desired to be communicated would be some kind of idea, perception, feeling, or datum. It will be a part of her reality that she wishes to send to somebody else.

Something will be transmitted across a distance in the shared space. We can regard it as an object, a particle, or as a wave, or flow. It might be sound vibrations, rays of light, words, pieces of paper, cannon balls, body language, telepathy, or whatever.

Between humans there will be several layers of the message being sent. There will often be a verbal portion, something that is being expressed in language, spoken or written. And there is also a non-verbal portion, covering everything else, most notably body language. Sometimes the verbal and non-verbal messages don't agree with each other, they are incongruent. If they do agree we say that they are congruent.

Based on what the receiver perceives, and based on her interpretation of the verbal and non-verbal input, she will form a concept in her reality of what the meaning of the message is. It will mean something to her. It might or might not be what was intended by the sender. In successful communication the perceived message will approximate the intended message to the sender's satisfaction. However, the sender will only know that if she receives a message back that is congruent with what she had in mind.

One can never take for granted that the receiver has the same reality as the sender. One can never take for granted that the receiver will interpret the message the same way as the sender intended it.

Communication is not an absolute finite thing. Particularly, communication with language is always vague and misleading to some extent.

If A says a word, like for example "trust", she has a certain meaning attached to it in her reality. She has had certain experiences with the subject matter, she has made certain conclusions about it, and she has certain perceptual filters concerning it. The meaning of the word is all the stuff it is associated with in her reality. However, because words also have nice, finite dictionary definitions it might appear as if the word is something very precise.

What travels across the communication channel is NOT all the associations that A made about the word, and NOT the intentions she had with using it. What crosses the distance is symbols.

When B hears the word or sentence she will interpret it based on her experiences, perceptions, and opinions. She might supplement the verbal information with non-verbal information such as body language. She might also hallucinate what it is supposed to mean. In one way or another she arrives at the meaning she assigns to it.

There is wide agreement, at least within a particular culture, on what common physical objects are. When you say "car" or "refrigerator" most people will have an understanding very close to yours. But if you say words for abstract qualities, like "trust", "love", "right", "wrong", and so forth, then there is wide variance on what people mean.

To have effective communication one needs to take all the factors into consideration. The different realities, the space the communication takes place in, verbal as well as non-verbal messages, the intended meaning versus the perceived meaning.

[< Back] [Ming the Mechanic]



9 Feb 2008 @ 01:49 by PXR8 @ : nice
this is good but I think that the "stick person" on the right should only reside within the small part of the circle when the message is understood.... if there is misunderstanding then you could say that the perceived meaning is in another part of their reality than the one they inhabit in the picture.  

20 Jan 2013 @ 14:09 by Elizabeth @ : communication model
Nice concept!  

21 Feb 2014 @ 11:44 by Damian @ : wow
Thanks for everything Flemming

1 Dec 2014 @ 08:36 by aanrechtblad @ : aanrechtblad
I was looking for something like this…I found it quiet interesting, hopefully you will keep posting such blogs….Keep sharing.  

7 Jan 2015 @ 07:32 by Adults GED Course @ : Adults GED Course
I am certain that the data you imparted through your post is valuable for individuals. I am inspired with the method for stage. It kept joined me constantly. Keep doing awesome.  

10 Feb 2015 @ 12:36 by clash of clans hack @ : clash of clans hack tool
I was looking for the same thing actually I was looking deep for clash of clans and I have got free clash of clans.  

21 Feb 2015 @ 11:08 by High PR Blog Commenting Sites List @ : High PR Blog Commenting Sites List
Such a wonderful work has been done by you really your work is likeable to praise it is an awesome post.  

20 Apr 2015 @ 02:56 by assloo @ : aass
US Navy [link] to replace the [link] old [link] "Super Hornet" [link] F [link] / A-18E [link] / F attack [link] aircraft [link] manufactured sixth-generation fighter F / [link] A-XX, [link] should the [link] implementation [link] of [link] air-to-task [link] as [link] a [link] primary objective. [link] The ability [link] to [link] attack should be considered [link] as [link] a [link] secondary, [link] at least [link] some officials [link] in [link] the industry [link] thought.

Some of the F-35C Joint Strike [link] Fighter [link] and industry insider "Super Hornet" [link] attack aircraft [link] extremely [link] understanding that these [link] two aircraft are not [link] enough [link] to cope with [link] China's [link] J-20 aircraft or the [link] Russian T-50 [link] fighter. [link] One [link] fighter pilot [link] has [link] a wealth of experience [link] in the industry [link] officials said [link] the [link] threat of Chinese J-20 [link] in [link] particular.

One [link] industry official said: [link] "Look [link] at [link] these [link] next-generation [link] fighter, [link] the Russian T-50 [link] and [link] China's [link] J-20 missiles [link] and [link] some of [link] their new [link] technology, [link] you [link] will find [link] our [link] advantage [link] in smaller."

The [link] official said [link] that [link] in [link] the face of [link] the J-20 [link] and [link] T-50, [link] only [link] the [link] F-22 [link] "Raptor" fighter [link] with a [link] real advantage.

In the [link] J-20, for example, [link] the models completely over [link] F [link] / [link] A-18 and an F-35's [link] performance [link] is supersonic performance. [link] J-20 can [link] achieve [link] long [link] supersonic [link] cruise without [link] afterburner, which can [link] significantly [link] increase the [link] missile [link] "power range" [link] (Editor's [link] note: [link] the missile [link] from [link] the carrier aircraft from start to still have the [link] ability [link] to [link] attack targets [link] up to [link] a [link] minimum flying straight [link] line [link] distance).

The [link] official said: "J-20 can [link] consume [link] very little fuel [link] in [link] supersonic flight [link] over 300 miles [link] (1 [link] mile [link] approximately 1.6 km), [link] before turning [link] for home [link] needs, but on [link] a [link] (need [link] to rely on [link] afterburner supersonic [link] flight) subsonic [link] fighter who enter [link] and [link] survive that [link] kind [link] of environment [link] is [link] really [link] difficult, especially [link] in the [link] outnumbered [link] the [link] 'away from home' [link] environment. [link] "

In [link] many [link] complex [link] air combat fighter [link] aircraft to [link] participate in, and [link] sometimes [link] one [link] or [link] the [link] other [link] will [link] have [link] to [link] try [link] to [link] "out" [link] - [link] which [link] means fundamentally [link] fled at high [link] speed.  

2 Aug 2015 @ 11:28 by Calculatoare second hand de vanzare @ : Report
Trying to figure out which computer to get can be extremely tough. You possibly will not know about each of the existing specs and also other features available today.  

2 Aug 2015 @ 11:30 by Julia R. @ : Special
Calculatoare, [link]
Servere, [link]
Laptop, [link]
Computere, [link]  

26 Feb 2016 @ 08:26 by site-ninja. @ : site-ninja

26 Feb 2016 @ 08:28 by Redgage LLC @ : Great Concept !
Beautiful concept !! Thanks to share with us.  

4 Mar 2016 @ 20:30 by memo @ : موقع مصرى

15 Mar 2016 @ 09:40 by jelly gamat qnc @ : jelly gamat qnc
Your work is the best, my friend. You have certain abilities that no one on this planet possesses. And you use those abilities very well and deliver us top notch articles. I always enjoy reading your articles. I hope you won't disappoint me in the future as well.  

26 Apr 2016 @ 17:29 by Casino Sbobet @ : LIPUTANBOLA88
http://www.futo.edu.ng/UserProfile/tabid/133/userId/196660/Default.aspx 1
[link] 2
[link] 3
[link] 4
[link] 5
[link] 6
[link] 7
[link] 8
[link] 9
[link] 10
[link] 11
[link] 12
[link] 13
[link] 14
[link] 15
[link] 16
[link] 17
[link] 18
[link] 19
[link] 20
[link] 21
[link] 22
[link] 23
[link] 24
[link] 25
[link] 26
[link] 27
[link] 28
[link] 29
[link] 30
[link] 31
[link] 32
[link] 33
[link] 34
[link] 35
[link] 36
[link] 37
[link] 38
[link] 39
[link] 40
[link] 41
[link] 42
[link] 43
[link] 44
[link] 45
[link] 46
[link] 47
[link] 48
[link] 49
[link] 50
[link] 51
[link] 52
[link] 53
[link] 54
[link] 55
[link] 56
[link] 57
[link] 58
[link] 59
[link] 60  

29 Apr 2016 @ 06:05 by Bandar Togel @ : brilliant! I would like to share this ar
Togel Online Singapore
Togel Online Hongkong
Bandar Togel Singapore
Bandar Togel
Togel Online Terpercaya
Bandar Togel Online Terpercaya
Togel Online
Agen Togel Online Terpercaya
Agen Togel Online  

9 May 2016 @ 15:59 by Kaydence @ : hmwXHCGpujieLBVV
[link] http://autoinsurancey.top/SC/Spartanburg/best-auto-insurance-in/ [link] http://autoinsurancequoteds.top/CT/Waterbury/payless-auto-insurance/ [link] http://carinsuranceflo.pw/NV/Las-Vegas/cheap-auto-insurance/ [link]  

16 May 2016 @ 14:58 by Jodecy @ : QtaYziYqxOilT
interest rate [link] city place while [link] increasingly difficult space [link] insurance companies might cause [link] some time  

17 May 2016 @ 09:36 by Loren @ : riGbCbSljT
insurance companies [link] john longer provide [link] coverage towing insurance [link] makes those who [link] simply taking  

18 May 2016 @ 19:19 by Titia @ : HMFtjVwxlquRtULAnhQc
[link] http://omega3ri.org/what-do-you-need-to-get-car-insurance-in-pa.html [link] http://seenworstaff.com/how-do-i-insure-a-kit-car.html [link] http://vanessaiacono.com/cure-auto-insurance-quotes.html  

12 Jun 2016 @ 01:47 by Stormy @ : gMXcekwDQeiz
[link] http://lusosnadiaspora.net/silver-wheels-insurance.html [link] http://colemndlab.org/auto-owners-insurance-traverse-city-michigan.html [link]  

18 Jun 2016 @ 13:21 by Janet @ : BulGHkLxvTMEKPrve
[link] http://foxtransportationinc.com/saga-insurance-car.html [link] http://oshkoshrunningclub.com/a1-auto-and-home-insurance-tulsa.html [link] http://jaredclemmensen.com/insurance-times-the-knowledge.html [link] http://foxtransportationinc.com/auto-insurance-estimates-online.html  

30 Jun 2016 @ 04:23 by Programming Assignments @ : Programming Assignments
I'm more propelled to have a site to give data, for example, the remarkable your online journal.  

8 Jul 2016 @ 22:04 by پروژه متلب @ : پروژه متلب

Was very interesting, thanks for share
Thanks for a best post
,متلبی [link] , ,انجام پروژه با متلب [link] , ,متلب گروپ [link] , ,پروژه متلب [link] , ,پروژه متلبhttp://www.matlabi.ir/shop/ ,
[link] , http://matlabgroup1.rozblog.com/ , [link]
,مبینا نصیری [link] , http://matlabi.parsiblog.com/ , [link] , http://matlabii.blogsky.com/ , [link] , ,مبینا نصیری [link] , ,پروژه متلب [link] , http://matlabcode.monoblog.ir/ , [link] , http://matlabi.avablog.ir/ ,
شبیه سازی با متلب , شبیه سازی با Matlab , پروژه متلب , پروژه Matlab , متلب , انجام پروژه متلب , پروژه آماده متلب
شبیه سازی با متلب
پروژه متلب
انجام پروژه متلب
انجام پروژه های متلب
شبیه سازی با Matlab
پروژه متلب
پروژه Matlab
شبیه سازی Matlab
project Matlab
[url=http://www.matlabi.ir]پروژه متلب[/url]
[link] ,پروژه رایگان متلب , [link]
,پردازش تصویر سیگنال در متلب [link]
,شبیه سازی مقالات برق قدرت با متلب [link]
,پروژه متلب برق قدرت [link]
,سفارش شبیه سازی مقاله با متلب [link]
, شبیه سازی مقاله برق کنترل با متلب [link]
,کدنویسی با متلب برق کنترل [link]
,پروژه MATLAB [link]
Project matlab, [link]
,شبیه سازی با Matlab [link]  

14 Jul 2016 @ 12:38 by Rosa @ : DGyvEIGQXEVN
[link] http://www.jaglobaldirect.com/shop-adirondack/athena [link] http://www.insuranceofmiddletennessee.com/tag/insurance-coverage/ [link] http://www.agaveconstructionandlandscaping.com/apps/photos/ [link] http://www.isayyousayblog.com/2015/01/i-say-sushi-planet-adelaide.html  

15 Jul 2016 @ 11:55 by Egypt @ : iikNYaLtYloULtkJ
[link] http://ipoprecords.com/medication-insurance-plans.html [link] http://gsmunlock.cc/quote-for-3rd-party-car-insurance.html [link] http://communityalternativescoop.com/rhode-island-insurance-commissioner.html [link] http://ipoprecords.com/how-does-car-insurance-deductible-work.html  

4 Aug 2016 @ 06:23 by HR Assignment Help Online @ : HR Assignment Help Online
Get the dissertation writing service students look for these days with the prime focus being creating a well researched and lively content on any topic.  

5 Aug 2016 @ 11:53 by Help with Mechanical Engineering Assignm @ : Help with Mechanical Engineering Assignm
Thanx for sharing such useful post keep it up :)  

5 Aug 2016 @ 12:50 by Finance Dissertation Assistance @ : Finance Dissertation Assistance
I appreciate your efforts in preparing this post. I really like your blog articles.  

5 Aug 2016 @ 12:52 by Do My Programming Homework @ : Do My Programming Homework
Dissertation Guidance Provides quality Online Dissertation Help for students.  

18 Aug 2016 @ 08:47 by Silphium.net @ : You made
You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the issue and found most individuals will go along with with your website. [link] [link]  

19 Aug 2016 @ 11:45 by Kapri @ : bfyvpzGOszWoj
[link] http://freecarinsurancequotese.info/american-guarantee-and-liability-insurance-company.html [link] http://freeautoinsurancequotesc.pw/johnson-car-insurance-windsor.html [link] http://carinsuranceff.top/how-to-purchase-insurance.html [link] http://carinsurancequotespc.com/reasons-for-car-not-starting.html  

24 Aug 2016 @ 04:08 by Kristy @ : CUeKUABUlQJyism
[link] http://buyviagra4.men/#7422 [link] http://cheapviagraqc.men/#1306  

30 Aug 2016 @ 23:59 by Channery @ : BnOdhBVaLPOSP
[link] http://www.findedmedsonline.men/ [link] http://www.edpillsonline.men/html/levitra-causes-ed.html [link] http://www.getedmeds.pw/ [link]  

Your Name:
Your URL: (or email)
For verification, please type the word you see on the left:

Other stories in
2012-01-24 00:50: Intellectual Property
2011-11-03 16:51: Seeing the world through the Internet
2009-06-11 18:53: Blogging/Microblogging and work
2008-02-23 17:19: Web 1, 2, 3 and 4
2008-02-22 11:07: Illusion
2007-12-02 20:41: Give One Get One
2007-10-25 21:47: Static or dynamic web metaphors
2007-09-18 22:54: Rethinking blogs
2007-07-04 23:59: Scrutiny of Information
2007-07-03 01:24: Strangeness

[< Back] [Ming the Mechanic] [PermaLink]? 

Link to this article as: http://ming.tv/flemming2.php/__show_article/_a000010-001910.htm
Main Page: ming.tv